1. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
Known as “The Lady with the Lamp,” Florence worked to reform the British military health system, sanitation, military health and hospital planning.
2 CLARA BARTON
Clara began nursing at the age of 11 and founded the Red Cross in 1873.
3 MARY ELIZA MAHONEY
Mary Eliza was the first African-American professional registered nurse and she helped found the beginnings of the American Nurses Association.
4 MARGARET SANGER
Margaret pioneered the women’s movement and founded the organization that later became Planned Parenthood.
5 MARY BRECKINRIDGE
Mary created a new model of health care for rural areas and was one of the first to found a family care center. She was also a nurse-midwife.
6 ANNA CAROLINE MAXWELL
Known as “The American Florence Nightingale,” Anna Caroline helped to grow professional nursing in the United States and increased the public’s acceptance of nursing a profession.
7 FLORENCE GUINNESS BLAKE
Florence was a well-known pediatric nurse and helped to advance graduate level nursing education for those who wanted to work with children.